An assembly of meshed gears consisting of a central or sun equipment, a coaxial inner or ring equipment, and a number of intermediate pinions supported upon a revolving carrier. Occasionally the term planetary gear train is utilized broadly as a synonym for epicyclic gear train, or narrowly to indicate that the ring equipment is the set member. In a straightforward planetary gear teach the pinions mesh simultaneously with the two coaxial gears (see illustration). With the central equipment set, a pinion rotates about any of it as a planet rotates about its sunlight, and the gears are called appropriately: the central gear is the sunlight, and the pinions will be the planets.
This is a concise, ‘single’ stage planetary gearset where the output comes from a second ring gear varying a few teeth from the primary.
With the initial style of 18 sun teeth, 60 ring teeth, and 3 planets, this led to a ‘single’ stage gear reduction of -82.33:1.
A normal planetary gearset of this size could have a decrease ratio of 4.33:1.
That is a good deal of torque in a little package.
At Nominal Voltage
Voltage (Nominal) 12V
Voltage Range (Recommended) 3V – 12V
Speed (No Load)* 52 rpm
Current (No Load)* 0.21A
Current (Stall)* 4.9A
Torque (Stall)* 291.6 oz-in (21 kgf-cm)
Gear Ratio 231:1
Gear Material Metal
Gearbox Style Planetary
Motor Type DC
Output Shaft Diameter 4mm (0.1575”)
Output Shaft Style D-shaft
Result Shaft Support Dual Ball Bearing
Electrical Connection Male Spade Terminal
Operating Temperature -10 ~ +60°C
Installation Screw Size M2 x 0.4mm
Product Weight 100g (3.53oz)
In an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference run between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with external teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur gear occurs in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar program. This is how planetary gears acquired their name.
The components of a planetary gear train could be split into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is known as a ring gear. In the majority of cases the casing is fixed. The driving sun pinion is usually in the center of the ring gear, and is coaxially organized in relation to the output. The sun pinion is usually attached to a clamping system in order to offer the mechanical link with the electric motor shaft. During operation, the planetary gears, which are installed on a planetary carrier, roll between your sunlight pinion and the ring gear. The planetary carrier also represents the result shaft of the gearbox.
The sole purpose of the planetary gears is to transfer the mandatory torque. The Planetary Gear Transmission amount of teeth has no effect on the transmitting ratio of the gearbox. The amount of planets can also vary. As the amount of planetary gears improves, the distribution of the load increases and therefore the torque which can be transmitted. Increasing the amount of tooth engagements also decreases the rolling power. Since only section of the total result has to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary gear is extremely efficient. The advantage of a planetary equipment compared to a single spur gear is based on this load distribution. It is therefore feasible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a compact style using planetary gears.
Provided that the ring gear has a constant size, different ratios can be realized by different the amount of teeth of sunlight gear and the number of teeth of the planetary gears. The smaller the sun equipment, the higher the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage is certainly approx. 3:1 to 10:1, since the planetary gears and the sun gear are extremely small above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be obtained by connecting a number of planetary levels in series in the same band gear. In this case, we speak of multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques can be overlaid by having a ring gear that is not set but is driven in virtually any direction of rotation. It is also possible to fix the drive shaft to be able to grab the torque via the ring gear. Planetary gearboxes have become extremely important in lots of areas of mechanical engineering.
They have grown to be particularly more developed in areas where high output levels and fast speeds should be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High transmission ratios may also easily be achieved with planetary gearboxes. Because of their positive properties and compact design, the gearboxes have many potential uses in industrial applications.
The advantages of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to several planetary gears
High efficiency because of low rolling power
Nearly unlimited transmission ratio options due to mixture of several planet stages
Ideal as planetary switching gear due to fixing this or that area of the gearbox
Possibility of use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
Suitability for an array of applications
In an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference run between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with external teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur gear occurs in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar system. This is how planetary gears obtained their name.
The parts of a planetary gear train could be split into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is actually a ring gear. In nearly all cases the housing is fixed. The driving sun pinion can be in the heart of the ring equipment, and is coaxially arranged with regards to the output. Sunlight pinion is usually mounted on a clamping system in order to offer the mechanical link with the motor shaft. During procedure, the planetary gears, which are mounted on a planetary carrier, roll between the sun pinion and the ring gear. The planetary carrier also represents the output shaft of the gearbox.
The sole purpose of the planetary gears is to transfer the required torque. The amount of teeth has no effect on the transmitting ratio of the gearbox. The number of planets can also vary. As the number of planetary gears raises, the distribution of the strain increases and therefore the torque which can be transmitted. Raising the amount of tooth engagements also reduces the rolling power. Since just area of the total output needs to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary equipment is extremely efficient. The advantage of a planetary gear compared to an individual spur gear lies in this load distribution. Hence, it is possible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a compact design using planetary gears.
Provided that the ring gear has a constant size, different ratios could be realized by different the number of teeth of the sun gear and the amount of tooth of the planetary gears. The smaller the sun gear, the higher the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage is approx. 3:1 to 10:1, because the planetary gears and the sun gear are extremely small above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be acquired by connecting many planetary levels in series in the same ring gear. In this instance, we speak of multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques could be overlaid by having a ring gear that is not set but is driven in any direction of rotation. It is also possible to repair the drive shaft to be able to grab the torque via the band equipment. Planetary gearboxes have grown to be extremely important in many areas of mechanical engineering.
They have become particularly well established in areas where high output levels and fast speeds must be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High transmission ratios may also easily be performed with planetary gearboxes. Because of the positive properties and small design, the gearboxes have many potential uses in industrial applications.
The advantages of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to many planetary gears
High efficiency because of low rolling power
Nearly unlimited transmission ratio options due to mixture of several planet stages
Appropriate as planetary switching gear because of fixing this or that part of the gearbox
Chance for use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
Suitability for a wide selection of applications
Epicyclic gearbox can be an automatic type gearbox in which parallel shafts and gears set up from manual gear box are replaced with more compact and more dependable sun and planetary type of gears arrangement as well as the manual clutch from manual power train is definitely replaced with hydro coupled clutch or torque convertor which in turn produced the transmission automatic.
The thought of epicyclic gear box is extracted from the solar system which is known as to an ideal arrangement of objects.
The epicyclic gearbox usually comes with the P N R D S (Parking, Neutral, Invert, Drive, Sport) modes which is obtained by fixing of sun and planetary gears according to the need of the drive.
In an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference operate between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with exterior teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur gear takes place in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar system. This is one way planetary gears obtained their name.
The components of a planetary gear train can be split into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is known as a ring gear. In the majority of cases the housing is fixed. The driving sun pinion is certainly in the center of the ring gear, and is coaxially arranged in relation to the output. Sunlight pinion is usually mounted on a clamping system to be able to provide the mechanical link with the engine shaft. During procedure, the planetary gears, which are mounted on a planetary carrier, roll between the sunlight pinion and the ring equipment. The planetary carrier also represents the result shaft of the gearbox.
The sole purpose of the planetary gears is to transfer the mandatory torque. The amount of teeth has no effect on the transmitting ratio of the gearbox. The amount of planets can also vary. As the number of planetary gears improves, the distribution of the load increases and then the torque which can be transmitted. Increasing the number of tooth engagements also decreases the rolling power. Since only section of the total output has to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary equipment is extremely efficient. The benefit of a planetary gear compared to an individual spur gear lies in this load distribution. Hence, it is possible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a compact design using planetary gears.
Provided that the ring gear has a continuous size, different ratios could be realized by varying the number of teeth of the sun gear and the amount of the teeth of the planetary gears. Small the sun gear, the greater the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage is approx. 3:1 to 10:1, since the planetary gears and sunlight gear are extremely little above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be acquired by connecting several planetary stages in series in the same ring gear. In this case, we speak of multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques could be overlaid by having a band gear that is not fixed but is driven in virtually any direction of rotation. Additionally it is possible to fix the drive shaft in order to pick up the torque via the band gear. Planetary gearboxes have grown to be extremely important in lots of regions of mechanical engineering.
They have become particularly more developed in areas where high output levels and fast speeds must be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High transmission ratios can also easily be achieved with planetary gearboxes. Because of their positive properties and compact design, the gearboxes have many potential uses in commercial applications.
The benefits of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to several planetary gears
High efficiency because of low rolling power
Nearly unlimited transmission ratio options due to mixture of several planet stages
Appropriate as planetary switching gear because of fixing this or that part of the gearbox
Possibility of use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
In a planetary gearbox, many teeth are engaged at once, which allows high speed decrease to be achieved with relatively small gears and lower inertia reflected back again to the engine. Having multiple teeth reveal the load also enables planetary gears to transmit high degrees of torque. The mixture of compact size, large speed reduction and high torque tranny makes planetary gearboxes a favorite choice for space-constrained applications.
But planetary gearboxes perform have some disadvantages. Their complexity in style and manufacturing can make them a far more expensive remedy than additional gearbox types. And precision production is extremely important for these gearboxes. If one planetary equipment is positioned closer to the sun gear than the others, imbalances in the planetary gears can occur, leading to premature wear and failure. Also, the compact footprint of planetary gears makes heat dissipation more difficult, therefore applications that run at high speed or experience continuous operation may require cooling.
When using a “standard” (i.e. inline) planetary gearbox, the motor and the powered equipment must be inline with one another, although manufacturers provide right-angle designs that include other gear sets (often bevel gears with helical the teeth) to supply an offset between the input and output.
Input power (max)27 kW (36 hp)
Input speed (max)2800 rpm2
Output torque (intermittent)12,880 Nm(9,500 lb-ft)
Output torque (continuous)8,135 Nm (6,000 lb-ft)
1 Actual ratio would depend on the drive configuration.
2 Max input speed linked to ratio and max output speed
3 Max radial load placed at optimum load position
4 Weight varies with configuration and ratio selected
5 Requires tapered roller planet bearings (not available with all ratios)
Approximate dry weight100 -181 kg (220 – 400 lb)4
Radial load (max)14,287kg (31,500 lb)3
Drive typeSpeed reducer
Hydraulic electric motor input SAE C or D hydraulic
A planetary transmission system (or Epicyclic system since it is also known), consists normally of a centrally pivoted sun gear, a ring gear and several planet gears which rotate between these.
This assembly concept explains the term planetary transmission, as the planet gears rotate around sunlight gear as in the astronomical sense the planets rotate around our sun.
The advantage of a planetary transmission is determined by load distribution over multiple planet gears. It is thereby feasible to transfer high torques employing a compact design.
Gear assembly 1 and gear assembly 2 of the Ever-Power 500/14 have two selectable sunlight gears. The first gear stage of the stepped planet gears engages with sun gear #1. The next equipment step engages with sunlight gear #2. With sun gear 1 or 2 2 coupled to the axle,or the coupling of sun equipment 1 with the ring gear, three ratio variations are achievable with each equipment assembly.
Direct Gear 1:1
Example Gear Assy (1) and (2)
With direct gear selected in gear assy (1) or (2), sunlight gear 1 is in conjunction with the ring equipment in gear assy (1) or gear assy (2) respectively. Sunlight gear 1 and band gear then rotate jointly at the same rate. The stepped planet gears do not unroll. Thus the gear ratio is 1:1.
Gear assy (3) aquires direct gear based on the same principle. Sunlight gear 3 and band gear 3 are straight coupled.
Many “gears” are utilized for automobiles, but they are also used for many other machines. The most frequent one may be the “tranny” that conveys the power of engine to tires. There are broadly two functions the transmission of a car plays : one is certainly to decelerate the high rotation speed emitted by the engine to transmit to tires; the additional is to improve the reduction ratio relative to the acceleration / deceleration or driving speed of a car.
The rotation speed of an automobile’s engine in the general state of driving amounts to at least one 1,000 – 4,000 rotations per minute (17 – 67 per second). Because it is not possible to rotate tires with the same rotation acceleration to run, it is required to lessen the rotation speed using the ratio of the amount of gear teeth. This kind of a role is called deceleration; the ratio of the rotation swiftness of engine and that of tires is called the reduction ratio.
Then, why is it necessary to change the reduction ratio relative to the acceleration / deceleration or driving speed ? The reason being substances need a large force to start moving however they do not require this kind of a huge force to keep moving once they have started to move. Automobile could be cited as a good example. An engine, however, by its nature can’t so finely change its output. For that reason, one adjusts its output by changing the reduction ratio utilizing a transmission.
The transmission of motive power through gears very much resembles the principle of leverage (a lever). The ratio of the amount of the teeth of gears meshing with one another can be deemed as the ratio of the space of levers’ arms. That’s, if the decrease ratio is large and the rotation speed as output is lower in comparison to that as insight, the energy output by transmission (torque) will be huge; if the rotation quickness as output is not so lower in comparison compared to that as input, on the other hand, the energy output by transmission (torque) will be little. Thus, to improve the reduction ratio utilizing transmission is much comparable to the principle of moving things.
Then, how does a transmission modify the reduction ratio ? The answer is based on the mechanism called a planetary equipment mechanism.
A planetary gear mechanism is a gear system consisting of 4 components, namely, sunlight gear A, several planet gears B, internal gear C and carrier D that connects planet gears as seen in the graph below. It has a very complex framework rendering its style or production most difficult; it can realize the high reduction ratio through gears, nevertheless, it really is a mechanism suitable for a reduction mechanism that requires both small size and high performance such as transmission for automobiles.
The planetary speed reducer & gearbox is some sort of transmission mechanism. It utilizes the swiftness transducer of the gearbox to lessen the turnover number of the motor to the required one and obtain a big torque. How really does a planetary gearbox work? We are able to learn more about it from the structure.
The primary transmission structure of the planetary gearbox is planet gears, sun gear and band gear. The ring gear is located in close contact with the inner gearbox case. The sun equipment driven by the exterior power lies in the guts of the ring gear. Between your sun gear and ring gear, there is a planetary gear set consisting of three gears equally built-up at the planet carrier, which is floating among them counting on the support of the result shaft, ring gear and sun equipment. When sunlight gear can be actuated by the input power, the earth gears will be driven to rotate and then revolve around the center along with the orbit of the band gear. The rotation of the planet gears drives the result shaft connected with the carrier to result the power.
Planetary speed reducer applications
Planetary speed reducers & gearboxes have a whole lot of advantages, like little size, light-weight, high load capability, long service life, high reliability, low noise, large output torque, wide variety of speed ratio, high efficiency and so forth. Besides, the planetary quickness reducers gearboxes in Ever-Power are designed for sq . flange, which are easy and easy for installation and ideal for AC/DC servo motors, stepper motors, hydraulic motors etc.
Because of these advantages, planetary gearboxes can be applied to the lifting transportation, engineering machinery, metallurgy, mining, petrochemicals, construction machinery, light and textile sector, medical equipment, instrument and gauge, car, ships, weapons, aerospace and other industrial sectors.
The primary reason to use a gearhead is that it makes it possible to control a large load inertia with a comparatively small motor inertia. Without the gearhead, acceleration or velocity control of the load would require that the electric motor torque, and thus current, would need to be as many times higher as the reduction ratio which is used. Moog offers an array of windings in each frame size that, coupled with an array of reduction ratios, provides an assortment of solution to result requirements. Each mixture of motor and gearhead offers exclusive advantages.
Precision Planetary Gearheads
gearheads
32 mm LOW PRICED Planetary Gearhead
32 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
52 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
62 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
81 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
120 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
Planetary gearheads are suitable for transmitting high torques of up to 120 Nm. As a rule, the larger gearheads include ball bearings at the gearhead output.
Properties of the Ever-Power planetary gearhead:
– For transmitting of high torques up to 180 Nm
– Reduction ratios from 4:1 to 6285:1
– High performance in the smallest of spaces
– High reduction ratio in an extremely small package
– Concentric gearhead input and output
Versions:
– Plastic version
– Ceramic version
– High-power gearheads
– Heavy-duty gearheads
– Gearheads with reduced backlash
80mm size inline planetary reducer for NEMA34 (flange 86mm) or NEMA42 stepper motor. Precision less than 18 Arcmin. High torque, small size and competitive price. The 16mm shaft diameter ensures stability in applications with belt transmission. Fast installation for your equipment.
80mm size inline planetary reducer for NEMA34 (flange 86mm) or NEMA42 stepper motor. Precision significantly less than 18 Arcmin. High torque, compact size and competitive price. The 16mm shaft diameter ensures balance in applications with belt transmission. Fast installation for your equipment.
1. Planetary ring gear material: metal steel
2. Bearing at output type: Ball bearing
3. Max radial load (12mm range from flange): 550N
4. Max shaft axial load: 500N
5. Backlash: 18 arcmin
6. Gear ratio from 3 to 216
7. Planetary gearbox duration from 79 to 107mm
NEMA34 Precision type Planetary Gearbox for nema 34 Gear Stepper Electric motor 50N.m (6944oz-in) Rated Torque
This gear ratio is 5:1, if need other gear ratio, please contact us.
Input motor shaft ask for :
suitable with standard nema34 stepper electric motor shaft 14mm diameter*32 length(Including pad height). (plane and Circular shaft and key shaft both available)
The difference between the economical and precision Nema34 planetary reducer:
To begin with: the financial and precise installation strategies are different. The insight of the cost-effective retarder assembly may be the keyway (ie the output shaft of the engine is an assembleable keyway motor); the input of the precision reducer assembly is usually clamped and the insight electric motor shaft is a set or circular shaft or keyway. The shaft could be mounted (note: the keyway shaft can be removed after the key is removed).
Second, the economical and precision planetary gearboxes possess the same drawings and sizes. The primary difference is: the material differs. Accurate gear products are more advanced than economical gear units in terms of transmission efficiency and precision, in addition to heat and sound and torque output stability.